Ganga-Meghna Brahmaputra || West Bengal || Bangladesh || Middle Ganga Plain, Bihar || Uttarpradesh
Jharkhand || Assam || Rajnandgaon, Chattisgarh || Behala, Kolkata, WB || As toxicity- Homeopathic Treatment
Effectiveness & Reliability - As Field Testing Kits || Utility Of Treatment Plant
Causes, Effects & Remedies - Groundwater As Calamity || References

Arsenic Poisoning in West Bengal : Field Testing Kits for Arsenic

FIELD TESTING KITS FOR ARSENIC: HOW EFFECTIVE ARE THE MILLION-DOLLAR PROJECTS?

...Previous

Total cost for setting up 5 FI-HG-AAS laboratories

NON-RECURRING
Sl.No. Item Quantity Rate (in Rs.) Total Cost (in Rs.)
1 FI-HG-AAS 5 1,400,000 70,00,000
2 Laboratory Set-up 5 5,00,000 25,00,000
3 Spares 5 2,00,000 10,00,000
4 Computer with Printer 6 70,000 4,20,000
Total 1,09,20,000

RECURRING
Sl.No. Item Quantity Rate
(in Rs.)
Factor Total Cost (in Rs.) per year
5 Chief Chemist 5 15,000 per month 5 x 12
9,00,000
6 Jr. Chemist 5 8,000 per month 5 x 12
4,80,000
7 Technical Assistant 5 5,000 per month 5 x 12
3,00,000
8 Field Attendant 15 2,500 Per month 15 x12
4,50,000
9 Chemicals including Standards 5 10,000 per month 5 x 12
6,00,000
10 Service charge 5 25,000 Per annum 5
1,25,000
11 Co-ordinator of the project 1 20,000 Per month 1 x 12
2,40,000
12 Computer Assistant to Co-ordinator 1 5000 Per month 1 x 12
60,000
13 Consultant organisation for the project      
2,00,000
14 Travel and Interlaboratory comparison; Contingency 5 1,00,000 5
5,00,000
Total
38,55,000
10% of the project (Recurring + Non-Recurring) for unforeseen expense
14,77,500
Grand Total (Recurring + Non-Recurring) in Rupees
1,62,52,500
Grand Total (Recurring + Non-Recurring) in US Dollar
377965.12

Final Conclusion

Arsenic Field Kit

* Shall we consider arsenic the Field Kit method, knowing it is controversial.
* Shall we spend millions of dollars for a one-time purpose of generating unreliable data.
* Shall we generate thousands of Field Kit data which scientist will be reluctant to use in future.


FI-HG-AAS

* A more comprehensive job can be done at a much lesser cost compared to the to the 1.0 million dollars needed for arsenic Field Kits
* No controversy about data.
* Reliable data with 5 µg/l of arsenic result in 95% confidence.
* FI-HG-AAS can be used for urine, hair, nail, skin-scale, food materials and other biological samples analysis.
* Data can be used by scientists in future.


The School of Environmental Studies (SOES), Jadavpur University is suggesting FI-HG-AAS technique that can measure arsenic in the level of 5 µg/l (with 95% confidence). Over the last 10 years, SOES has applied this technique to analyse for arsenic 80,000 water samples, more than 13,000 urine samples, about 10,000 each hair and nail samples and about 1,000 skin-scale samples from 9 affected districts of West Bengal and 42 districts of Bangladesh.

Finally School of Environmental Studies (SOES) very strongly feels that attempts to introduce Field Kits by spending millions of dollars would only mean waste of money.

Reference
(1) Effectiveness and Reliability of Arsenic Field Testing Kits: Are the Million Dollar Screening Projects Effective or Not! Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Debapriyo Mukherjee, Mrinal Kumar Sengupta, Uttam Kumar Chowdhury, Dilip Lodh, Bhajan Kumar Biswas, Chitta Ranjan Chanda, Shibtosh Roy, Md. Selim, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Abul Hasnat Milton, S. M. Shahidullah, Md. Tofizur Rahman, Dipankar Chakraborti. Environmental Science & Technology, 2002, 36, 5385-5394.
(2) Comment on, “Reliability of a Commercial Kit to Test Groundwater for Arsenic in Bangladesh.” Amitava Mukherjee, Mrinal Kumar Sengupta, Sad Ahamed, M. Amir Hossain, Bhaskar Das, Bishwajit Nayak, and Dipankar Chakraborti. Environmental Science & Technology, 2005, 39, 5501-5502.

Top